Having well water on a property can be very advantageous, but it's also important to see that your system will be optimized to make the most of that fact. There are plenty of concerns with well water, including discoloration, pressure, throughput and cleanliness. Whether you're looking to initially install a setup or just wondering whether an existing one is working its best, you should focus on improving these aspects of its operation.

Pressure and Availability

The water pressure at a location is always, to some extent or another, limited by the surrounding geography. If a house is up the hill from a source, it may be necessary to install well pumps to ensure that that you'll achieve a desirable level of water pressure. Depending upon the distance, multiple pumps may be required to accomplish your goal.

Pressure tanks can also help you deal with concerns about overall throughput and instant availability. Particularly in households with several people using the water supply at once, it's nice to have a pressure tank in place to stabilize flow. This also can protect systems like the hot water heater that may start pulling materials such as minerals or rust into the system if there isn't sufficient water in the pipes.

Calculating Throughput

Gallons per minute, usually styled as GPM, is the standard measure of throughput for water systems. Under federal law, no faucet may have a GPM higher than 2.2 and not showerhead may exceed 2.5. There are ways to improve these figures, such as adding low-flow aerators that may knock their usage down to 1.0 GPM. A residential-grade washing machine should operate at about 2.0 GPM.

The question you'll need to ask is what is likely peak GPM that your entire system will require. It's reasonable to assume that a washer, sink faucet and shower head might all be operating at once in a typical household, and you should allow for a little additional overhead. This makes a peak GPM calculation of 7.0 sensible for most households.

Most states require a minimum GPM for well pumps of 5.0. Bear in mind that while pressure and hot water tanks can help, sustained water consumption is inherently going to be limited by throughput at your source. More importantly, the distance that water has to be pumped will reduce the achieved pressure level. Make a point to discuss these concerns with a qualified technician early on. For more help, visit a website like http://valleydrillingcorp.com.